Carpet Types – All You Need to Know

Carpet Types – All You Need to KnowLooking for professional advice on buying new carpet? Fortunately, you are at the right place and you are making the right decision. Installing carpet is cost-efficient and you can choose from the thousands of textures, colours and styles. From making your kid`s room safe and cosy to adding a luxury touch to your dining room, installing a carpet is a smart choice. Now, we will provide you with some quality tips and detailed information about carpet types and styles. Read on!

To begin with, let`s see what is the typical carpet construction? It is defined by the way carpet fibres are attached to the backing – they can be loop, cut and cut and loop pile carpets.

  • Loop pile – the fibres of the carpet are bent into little loops, therefore, a very durable and stain-resistant surface is provided. Level loop (Berber type) and multi-level loops are the in loop pile carpet family. The first one involves short loops which are very suitable for high-traffic areas. The latter type stands for the fact that a patterned texture is achieved because the tops of the loops of the carpet vary in their height.
  • Cut pile – the yarn tips are cut so there are no loops. These carpets are softer and denser than loop pile type. Most common types of cut pile carpets are saxony, plush, textured, cable and frieze. Saxony are twisted and long so each fibre has more body. Despite its smooth finish, this type has one big disadvantage – furniture can create dents and footprints are easily visible. Plush provides more formal appearance with its smooth even texture. Textured ones provide rougher surface as the fibres are uneven in length. Cable cut pile carpets consist of thick, long fibres and give a very comfortable feel underfoot. Frieze carpets (or shag carpets when their fibres are very long) are not recommended for high-traffic areas.
  • Cut and loop pile – they offer the best of both worlds. The fibres hide dirt and stains while offering good looks and bringing cosiness to your premises. Now, about the types of carpet fibres. They can be both natural and synthetic – they have different characteristics which you will learn in just a moment.
  • Olefin – it is resistant to mould and mildew, therefore, it is the perfect solution for outdoors and basements.
  • Nylon – this is the most popular option as it is resistant and durable. However, as it is not stain-resistant, it is recommended to be provided with stain-resistant treatment.
  • Wool – it is natural, eco-friendly and stain-resistant. However, this premier quality comes with a high price.
  • Acrylic – this is the ‘inexpensive version’ of wool but it is not widely available. In the UK, there are mainly two types of carpets that are being sold – woven and tufted carpets.
  • Woolen carpets can be ‘Wilton’ and ‘Axminster’. Wilton is the plainer option and includes about 5 colours while Axminster is patterned and has numerous colours/ designs. Both of the types are manufactured traditionally – the method is very labour intensive but the results are marvelous.
  • Tufted carpets are much easier to make as the equipment used pretty much is a huge sewing machine. Different types of yarn as well as finishes can be used. The majority of carpets in the UK is tufted. How to find out more about the quality of a carpet? The most important part of grading carpet quality (beside what every manufacturer claims for his products to offer) is to check the density and weight.
  • Density – this shows the number of fibres in a pile and how closely they are packed. The easiest test is using your finger – if it touches the backing of the carpet, it is not dense. Have in mind this – the denser, the better.
  • Weight – the more fibres, the heavier the carpet is. This basically shows how many fibres are present in the particular carpet.

After this quick carpet type guide, you are ready to find the most suitable carpet to suit your home.

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